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Homeland Security: The Sworn Duty of Public Officials

Homeland Security: The Sworn Duty of Public Officials     The United States has a unique position amongst the countries of the world;...

Friday, October 30, 2015


  • Understand and discuss the planning process as it relates to criminal justice organizations.
  • Identify and apply the seven-stage framework for analyzing criminal justice problems.
  • Analyze criminal justice problems and develop solutions to these problems.
  • Explain the benefits of “planned change” using the case study methodology to illustrate suitable planning techniques.
  • Understand and develop the technical skills necessary to make the criminal justice organization be more effective and responsive in serving the public.
  • Develop the ability and the skills necessary to become a knowledgeable and inquisitive planner.

Planned Change: Seven-Stage Model
The seven-stage approach to planned change is a sequential process starting with problem analysis and ending with reflection, reassessment, and modification of the intervention. The seven stages are as follows:
  • Analyzing the problem
  • Establishing goals and objectives
  • Designing a program or policy
  • Developing an action plan
  • Monitoring program or policy implementation
  • Developing a plan for evaluating outcomes
  • Initiating the program or policy plan
The Scan, Analyze, Respond, and Assess (SARA) Model for Problem Solving
The SARA model is popular and widely used problem-solving approach in criminal justice agencies. It would be difficult to discuss problem-oriented policing (POP), without an introduction to the SARA model. The SARA model is an alternative to the seven-stage model.

“What we truly need, though, is not more programs, or new programs, per se; we need better programs.” Welsh, W. (2012). Criminal Justice Policy and Planning [VitalSouce bookshelf version]. Retrieved from http://digitalbookshelf.southuniversity.edu/books/9781437735000/page/1

Policy A rule or set of rules or guidelines for how to make a decision. P4

Program n A set of services aimed at achieving specific goals and objectives within specified individuals,
groups, organizations, or communities p5
Project n A time-limited set of services provided to particular individuals, groups, organizations, or com-
munities, usually focused on a single need, problem, or issue p5

“Since 1980, there have been huge cuts in social services spending,” HAHAHAHAHAHA LIE (maybe talking about local spending?)

major reason for this lack of consensus, we argue, is a lack of sufficient attention to principles of planned change. T

“Three ongoing trends continue to sharpen our needs for planned change (Kettner, Daley, & Nichols, 1985): (1) declining resources; (2) accountability; and (3) the expansion of knowledge and technology.” p6

“In many cases, people fear and resist change because it may threaten their job security” p9

“ potential costs and benefits of two very different approaches to handling resistance: (1) collaborative strategies; or (2) conflict strategies “ p9

“Big Brothers Big Sisters of America (BBBSA) has been recognized as a “model” violence prevention program, partly because of its well-specified design and replicability across numerous jurisdictions.” p17

“The Pitfalls of Poor Planning: Three-Strikes Legislation” p23
and yet the crime rate dropped, hmmmmmmmmmmmm

e need to be very careful here. The media, politicians, or even criminal justice offi- cials socially construct many problems. p31   dont forget front groups, special interets, agitprop pushers,and rent-seekers

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