- Understand and discuss the planning process as it relates to
criminal justice organizations.
- Identify and apply the seven-stage framework for analyzing
criminal justice problems.
- Analyze criminal justice problems and develop solutions to
- Explain the benefits of “planned change” using the case
study methodology to illustrate suitable planning techniques.
- Understand and develop the technical skills necessary to make
the criminal justice organization be more effective and responsive
in serving the public.
- Develop the ability and the skills necessary to become a
knowledgeable and inquisitive planner.
The seven-stage approach to planned change is a sequential process starting with problem analysis and ending with reflection, reassessment, and modification of the intervention. The seven stages are as follows:
- Analyzing the problem
- Establishing goals and objectives
- Designing a program or policy
- Developing an action plan
- Monitoring program or policy implementation
- Developing a plan for evaluating outcomes
- Initiating the program or policy plan
The SARA model is popular and widely used problem-solving approach in criminal justice agencies. It would be difficult to discuss problem-oriented policing (POP), without an introduction to the SARA model. The SARA model is an alternative to the seven-stage model.
groups, organizations, or communities p5
munities, usually focused on a single need, problem, or issue p5