What are some of the types of authority that you might delegate to the probation officers in your department? Explain the rationale for each delegation.
What are some of the qualities and skills of the officers that you would assess to ensure that delegation works appropriately? Why?
How and why would this delegation of authority benefit you in your role as the probation administrator?
What are some of the pitfalls that you might come across from this delegation? Why do you consider them as pitfalls?
Explain the steps you would take to make your officers feel more empowered in their jobs. Provide your reasoning.
Discuss the use of participative leadership in the following criminal justice leadership positions:
- Victim advocates
- Prison administrators
- Examine the suitability of these positions—judges,
prosecutors, victim advocates, and prison administrators—for
participative leadership strategies. Compare the strengths and
weaknesses of each position.
Judges would be expected to use a more directive model, as the class notes use the examples of Hughes and Stone to demonstrate. But judges can certainly take advice from their clerks, who may have the same time in the courtroom as the judge has...or more. However, with the power vested into them by law, judges are perhaps best suited for the authoritarian model.
Prosecutors may be led by the District Attorney, but the environment in which they work, and their shared goals make them excellent candidates for participative leadership strategies. Indeed, the plea bargain process is an example of a participative leadership process in conjunction with external agencies, the public defenders.
Victim's advocates have to use participative leadership strategies due to the nature of their responsibilities. A victim's advocate who ignored the suggestions of their clients, the victims, would not last long.
Prison administrators can use partcipative strategy by taking the experience and expertise of the guards into consideration. This is important due to a field wide shortage of guards, who experience the highest level of job stress and turnover of all professions. It has been suggested that the inmates may also play a part in this process.
Other areas in the CJ system that can use participative leadership strategies are law enforcement agencies, as well as corrective services such as probation and parole officers.