- The random variable x is the number of occurrences of an event over some interval
- The occurrences must be random
- The occurrences must be independent of each other
- The occurrences must be uniformly distributed over the interval being used
"Figures often beguile me, particularly when I have the arranging of them myself; in which case the remark attributed to Disraeli would often apply with justice and force: 'There are three kinds of lies: lies, damned lies, and statistics."
It's one reason that valid research is clear in it's methodology: why did you research this, how did you test it? what are the definitions of your test terms?
That way others can see what you're up to.
That way others can replicate your research or contradict it. If you hide your data, use data that is known to be incorrect, or refuse to disclose your methodology then it's not really research