- Are the suicide bombers, or the casualties in the bombing, or the government in whose governance the bombing takes place, the victims in suicide bombings? What are the effects of suicide bombings on the victim societies?
- Are the religious rationales used to justify suicide bombing valid? Why/why not?
- The religious groups like the Al Qaeda legitimate their acts and the motives as acts of jihad (struggle) and shahadat (martyrdom). Is terrorism justified from the perspective of struggle and martyrdom? Why/why not?
Abrhams makes a counter argument; terrorists are working under the rational logic that in the long run, they win using even "self-defeating" tactics such as terror bombings. (2004, p.533).