- How is labeling theory different from anomie and ecological
theories? How does the concept of symbolic interactionism affect
Labeling theory is “an offshoot of symbolic interactionism,” ((Williams & McShane, 2014, p.110) that describes the behavior of an individual to a symbol in the form of a label.
- How effective is labeling theory in explaining the situation
in San Francisco and other cities in California? Why?
- Do you believe individuals who are arrested once for a
blue-collar or white-collar crime earn a permanent label of
“criminal,” and are, therefore, more prone to commit crimes
- Could expanding the number of activities that are labeled as
crimes actually create more criminals rather than deterring crime?
- Shaming sentences have been criticized by some as placing a
stigma or label on offenders and potentially can do more harm than
good. Others believe that shaming can only work on offenders in
small communities where individuals know many of their fellow
citizens. In the context of shaming sentences, answer these
- How effective are policies of shaming and placing stigmas on
individuals in deterring crimes?
- Do shaming sentences have equal impact on individuals of
different racial and socioeconomic backgrounds or will it affect
some individuals more than others? Why?
- Can shaming sentences be used in specific environments of
San Francisco and other Californian cities that are more prone to
- How effective are policies of shaming and placing stigmas on individuals in deterring crimes?
- With a disorganized “melting pot” found in many large
urban areas, does criminal labeling have a strong stigma and impact
on an individual's self-concept, or is it reserved more for smaller
Cole, K. (2006, November 28). Should "Shame" return to the criminal justice system? CrimProfLaw. Retrieved May 3, 2014 from http://lawprofessors.typepad.com/crimprof_blog/2006/11/should_shame_re.html
Swaed, S. (2006, December 17). High black arrest rate calls for inquiry. SFGate. Retrieved April 29, 2014 from http://www.sfgate.com/crime/article/HIGH-BLACK-ARREST-RATE-RAISES-CALL-FOR-INQUIRY-2482118.php